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Current Category » Introduction to Extention Education

Classification of Extension Teaching Methods

Extension education is mainly concerned with the dissemination of useful and practical information relating to rural life and helping the rural people in the practical application of such knowledge to rural situations. The extension worker can achieve this objective. It has been shown by research that extension workers.

(i) Using only one extension teaching method were able to influence a little over
1/3rd of the village families to improve practice in various fields.

(ii) But where the workers used three methods, including demonstration, visual aids and the written words, almost 2/3rd of the families were influenced to use better practices.

(iii) Where five methods of teaching were used almost “9 out of 10” families changed and

(iv) Where nine methods were used 98% of the families were led to change their practices.

Before planning the strategy of extension teaching methods the extension worker should know the details of the methods available for use in the rural situation. From this point of view the extension teaching methods are classified and are presented in the following table:

Table 1: Classification of Extension Teaching Methods:

1.

 

According to use

Indirect Influence

 

a.

 

Individual contacts

 

 

i)

Farm and home visits;

 

 

ii)

Office calls

 

 

iii)

Telephone calls;

 

 

iv)

Personal letters

 

 

v)

Result demonstration

 

b.

 

Group contacts

 

 

i)

Methods demonstration meetings

 

 

ii)

Leader training meetings

 

 

iii)

Lecture meetings

 

 

iv)

Conferences and discussion meetings

 

 

v)

Meetings at result demonstrations

 

 

vi)

Tours

 

 

vii)

Schools

 

 

viii)

Miscellaneous meetings

 

c.

 

Mass contacts

 

 

 

i)

Bulletins

 

 

ii)

Leaflets

 

 

iii)

News letters

 

 

iv)

Circular letters

 

 

v)

Radio

 

 

vi)

Television

 

 

vii)

Exhibits

 

 

viii)

Posters

2.

 

 

According to form

INDIRECT INFLUENCE

 

a.

 

Written

 

 

i)

Bulletins

 

 

ii)

Leaflets

 

 

iii)

News articles

 

 

iv)

Personal letters

 

 

v)

Circular letters

 

b.

 

Spoken

 

 

i)

General and special meetings of all kinds

 

 

ii)

Farm and home visits

 

 

iii)

Office calls

 

 

iv)

Telephone calls

 

 

v)

Radio

 

c.

 

Visual or Objective

 

 

i)

Result demonstrations

 

 

ii)

Exhibits

 

 

iii)

Posters

 

 

iv)

Motion pictures, charts, slides, and other
visual aids

 

d.

 

Spoken and visual

 

 

i)

Method demonstration motion

 

 

ii)

Meetings at result demonstrations

 

 

iii)

Meetings involving motion pictures, charts
and other visual aids

 

 

iv)

Television

 

While using the foregoing methods the extension worker uses these methods independently or takes the help of certain audio-visual aids. The word audio-visual comprises three words namely:

Audio – refers to sense of hearing,
Visual – refers to sense of seeing and Aid – instructional device.

The audio visual aids are classified as under:

Audio

Visual

Audio-visual

Tape recorder

Flash cards

Cinema projector

Radio

Black board

Television

Recording

Pictures

Drama

 

Another method of classification is to divide the audio visual aids in to projected and non-projected aids.

Projected aids

Non projected aids

Cinema Projector

Flash cards

Slide Projector

Flannel graph

Overhead Projector

Charts

Opaque Projector

Pictures

 

Black board

 

Bulletin board

 

Models

 

Posters

 

Graphs

 

Specimens

 

Exhibits

 

Photographs

 

Current Category » Introduction to Extention Education