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Current Category » Silviculture and Agro Forestry

Functions & Types of Forest in India

Function of forests:


Sr.No.

Particulars

Functions

1

Productive

They provide timer, fuel, charcoal, beedi , leaves, was and resins, fruits, tanning, materials, manure leaves, grass, bamboo, gums, lac etc.

2.

Protective

Forests protect water sheds, catchments of rivers and streams against erosion.

3.

Aesthatic

Forests add good appearance, landscaping and a thrilling atmosphere to the locality.

4

Recreational

Forest provides picnic resorts and opportunities for sport like hiking, trekking, wild life watching, bird watching.

5

Scientific

Study of ecological process can be made

6

Ameliorative

Forests improve climate and reduce pollution 

7

Hygienic

Forests improve the environment and help in reduction of noise, purify the air and give out oxygen to the atmosphere.

8

Industrial developments

Forest meet the need for raw material for industrial development such as Paper pups, rayon grade pulp, saw milk ply wood, hard board etc.

Forest types of Indian:

  1. Tropical wt ever green forest

  2. Tropical semi evergreen forest

  3. Tropical moist deciduous forests (Southern and northern types)

  4. Littoral and Swamp forests

  5. Tropical dry deciduous forest

  6. Tropical thorn forest

  7. Tropical dry ever green forest

  8. Sub tropical broad leaved hill forest

  9. Sub tropical dry evergreen forest

  10. Mountain wet temperate forest

  11. Himalayan moist temperature forest

  12. Sub alpine forest

  13. Himalayan dry temperate forest

  14. Sub alpine forest

  15. Most alpine scrub

  16. Dry alpine

The above types are called natural ecosystems. Ecosystems are the natural climax forests, resulting from a long process of ecological succession of plants and associated animals life, undisturbed by man.

Current Category » Silviculture and Agro Forestry